Grazing is generally not recommended the first year, but a vigorous stand can be grazed late in the year if grazing periods are short with at least 30 days of rest provided between grazings. Life Cycle. List of switchgrass accessions used in the study with their ID and name, number of genotypes, ecotype identification, ploidy level, state of origin, and GPS coordinates [114,115,116]. 2007. Volume 2.  Plantings that appear to have failed due to weed infestations are often wrongly assessed, as the failure is often more apparent than real. Switchgrass book. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. Disturbance such as periodic mowing, burning, or disking is required to optimize the stand's utility for encouraging biodiversity. Scientific name definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. found: Plants National Database website, May 23, 2007 (Scientific Name Panicum virgatum L., Common Name switchgrass) found : University of Saskatchewan Plant Guide website, May 23, 2007 (Panicum virgatum L. Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass) Customer Service. Performs well on a wide range of soils. Name: Switch Grass. Witchgrass is a clumping, summer annual grass with open, branching, flower heads. They compared efficiency of E10, E85, and ethanol with gasoline. Description. Switchgrass, as noted above, can provide forage for one AU for 90 days from 0.45 acre (2.2 AU per acre). Origin. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. It works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production. / Acre Leaves. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts – a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? Grazing switchgrass calls for watchful management practices to ensure survival of the stand. It spreads by rhizomes and forms loose clumps or patches. Yes! Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. (2010) conducted a study to analyze the environmental sustainability of using switchgrass plant material as a feedstock for ethanol production. For example, our snake plant’s full scientific name could be written Sansevieria trifasciata or Sansevieriatrifasciata. Look it up now! Research is also being undertaken to develop switchgrass as a pellet fuel because of lack of surplus wood residues in eastern Canada, as a slowdown in the forest products industry in 2009 is now resulting in wood pellet shortages throughout Eastern North America. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. This means it can stand up to foot traffic and is drought resistant. Bergamot aka: Bee Balm Scarlet Beebalm Scarlet Monarda Oswego Tea Crimson Beebalm Livestock: Switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring and early summer. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum.  The grass's upright growth pattern places its growing point off the soil surface onto its stem, so leaving 25 cm of stubble is important for regrowth. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." When harvesting switchgrass for hay, the first cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June. switchgrass. ", "Switchgrass: Native American Powerhouse? Scientific name: Sporobolus cryptandrus; Question: “Which quail-friendly plant of the week is this? Legal Status. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. Switchgrass plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock.  However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair. ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? Final report to Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa. Click here to search books using title name,author name and keywords. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. Other common names for switchgrass include tall panic grass, Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and Virginia switchgrass. Abstract. Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. These widely adapted tallgrass species once occupied millions of hectares. In some warm humid southern zones, such as Alabama, it has the ability to produce up to 25 oven-dry tonnes per hectare (ODT/ha). It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. Panicum virgatum var. Switchgrass book. As European settlers began spreading west across the continent, the native grasses were plowed under and the land converted to crops such as corn, wheat, and oats. , Switchgrass is well known among wildlife conservationists as good forage and habitat for upland game bird species, such as pheasant, quail, grouse, and wild turkey, and song birds, with its plentiful small seeds and tall cover. Common Name (s): Switchgrass, Panicum,Switchgrass. Credit the mathematical-looking scientific name of feather reed grass to its origin. Letter Z Animals Scientific Names. Switchgrass is the earliest maturing of the Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. Directed by Randall Emmett. It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. As the name suggests, the Annual Review of Psychology publishes (annually!) Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Sequences and annealing temperatures of the 33 primer pairs used for PCR amplification of the selected 12 genes. Hormone herbicides, such as 2,4-D, should be avoided as they are known to reduce development of switchgrass when applied early in the establishing year. As businesses around the world have had to postpone and cancel live meetings, conferences and training courses in response to COVID-19 disease, workplace and group training has become one of the earliest and hardest-hit business activities. ABBREVIATION : PANVIR SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : PAVI2 PAVIC PAVIS COMMON NAMES : switchgrass prairie switchgrass tall panic grass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of switchgrass is Panicum virgatum L. [37,38]. Using modern analytical equipment One Scientific provide our customers with a cost effective quality service for both microbiological and chemical testing. Switchgrass can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental plant in gardens. This reduces clinker formation and corrosion, and enables switchgrass to be a clean combustion fuel source for use in smaller combustion appliances. So today, let’s count down a list of animals that hibernate, which aren’t bears.  The Show-Me-Energy Cooperative (SMEC) in Missouri is using switchgrass and other warm-season grasses, along with wood residues, as feedstocks for pellets used for the firing of a coal-fired power plant. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum L. Common name(s): Switchgrass: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Native to North & Central America. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU 2008. (Farr, et.al) Geographic Distribution. Farrell, A.E. Cave-In-Rock originates from Cave-In-Rock, Illinois and is late maturing and suitable for both lowland and upland sites. In Biofuels, Solar and Wind as Renewable Energy Systems: Benefits and Risks.  Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. In the United States, switchgrass yields appear to be highest in warm humid regions with long growing seasons such as the US Southeast and lowest in the dry short season areas of the Northern Great Plains. Despite its importance as a prominent bioenergy crop, a genome-wide comprehensive analysis of NB-LRR disease resistance genes has yet … Panic raide. Historically, most switchgrass seedings have been managed for the Conservation Reserve Program in the US. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information.  In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input. U.S. Weed Information. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. Are you ready? Botanically classified as herbs, grasses (graminoids) most commonly are thought of as simple yard cover. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. Additionally, switchgrass is grown as a drought-resistant ornamental grass in average to wet soils and in full sun to part shade.  Depending on how thickly switchgrass is planted, and what it is partnered with, it also offers excellent forage and cover for other wildlife across the country. Science.  In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 400 liters per tonne.. Whole plant herbaceous perennial C4 grass feedstocks are desirable biomass energy feedstocks, as they require fewer fossil energy inputs to grow and effectively capture solar energy because of their C4 photosynthetic system and perennial nature. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. Identification Notes. Packing or firming the soil both before and after seeding.  This highly favorable ratio is attributable to its relatively high energy output per hectare and low energy inputs for production.  As a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy, switchgrass pellets were found to be an effective means to use farmland to mitigate greenhouse gases on the order of 7.6-13 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. In George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, he proposed using switchgrass for ethanol; since then, over US$100 million has been invested into researching switchgrass as a potential biofuel source. Volume Family: Poaceae. Switchgrass stands that are initially weedy commonly become well established with appropriate management in subsequent years. switchgrass. Bailey Stamler, S., R. Samson and C. Ho Lem. Weeds should be mowed just above the height of the growing switchgrass. Upland switchgrass types are generally shorter (≤ 2.4 m, tall) and less coarse than lowland types. , Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops. Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. Utah Scientific has led the way in video routing technology for 40 years, and continues with the latest in IP video routing hardware and control panels. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that can be used as a second generation bioenergy crop. Uses. These include:, Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. Scientific Name Panicum virgatum . Since it, along with other native grasses and forbs, once covered the plains of the United States that are now the Corn Belt, the effects of the past switchgrass habitat have been beneficial, lending to the fertile farmland that exists today. Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Witchgrass.  Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. native perennial, reproducing by seed … Switchgrass as a Bioenergy Crop, ATTRA - National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, 2006. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Japanese stiltgrass ( Microstegium vimineum ), also called Nepalese browntop, is an aggressive invader of forest lands throughout the eastern United States. In Eastern Canada, switchgrass is being used on a pilot scale as a feedstock for commercial heating applications. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. Most bioenergy conversion processes for switchgrass, including those for cellulosic ethanol and pellet fuel production, can generally accept some alternative species in the harvested biomass. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Switchgrass is useful for soil conservation and amendment, particularly in the United States and Canada, where switchgrass is endemic. Switchgrass ‘Kanlow’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. Lowland cultivars may grow to ≥ 2.7 m, in favorable environments. Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. Varieties are … D. Pimental.  In preliminary tests, the dry weight of a plants leaves were shown to comprise up to 3.7% of the polymer. Once established, switchgrass can take up to three years to reach its full production potential. , In native prairies, switchgrass is historically found in association with several other important native tallgrass prairie plants, such as big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem, sideoats grama, eastern gamagrass, and various forbs (sunflowers, gayfeather, prairie clover, and prairie coneflower). The planting of switchgrass can provide excellent food and cover benefits for wildlife and livestock as well as help conserve our soil. 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